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Austria Transportations
 
 
 
 
 

General

Austria has a dense transportation network. The Federal Railway Administration controls some 90% of Austria's 6,383 km (3,967 mi) of railways in 2006. Of the 5,924 km (3,681 mi) of standard-gauge track, 3,772 km (2,344 mi) are electrified.

In 2003, paved highways totaled 133,718 km (83,089 mi), including 1,677 km (1,042 mi) of expressways. In 2000, there were 4,097,145 passenger cars, and 779,651 trucks, buses, and taxis.

Austria has 358 km (223 mi) of inland waterways, over 80% of which are navigable by engine-powered vessels. Most of Austria's overseas trade passes through the Italian port of Trieste; the rest is shipped from German ports. In 2007, the oceangoing merchant fleet of Austria consisted of 7 ships of 1,000 GRT or over, with a capacity of 31,705 GRT.

In 2007, airports numbered an estimated 55, of which 25 had paved runways. Of the six major airports in Austria – Schwechat (near Vienna), Graz, Innsbruck, Klagenfurt, Linz, and Salzburg – Schwechat is by far the most important. In 2001, Austrian air carriers provided flights for 6,514,300 passengers and carried 356,000 freight ton km (221,200 freight ton mi).

Overview

Airports:
55 (2007)

Airports - with paved runways:
total: 25
over 3,047 m: 1
2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 15 (2007)

Airports - with unpaved runways:
total: 30
1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
914 to 1,523 m: 3
under 914 m: 26 (2007)

Heliports:
1 (2007)

Pipelines:
gas 2,722 km; oil 663 km; refined products 149 km (2006)

Railways:
total: 6,383 km
standard gauge: 5,924 km 1.435-m gauge (3,772 km electrified)
narrow gauge: 371 km 1.000-m gauge; 88 km 0.760-m gauge (25 km electrified) (2006)

Roadways:
total: 133,718 km
paved: 133,718 km (includes 1,677 km of expressways) (2003)

Waterways:
358 km (2007)

Merchant marine:
total: 7 ships (1000 GRT or over) 31,705 GRT/40,627 DWT
by type: cargo 5, container 2
foreign-owned: 2 (Netherlands 2)
registered in other countries: 4 (Cyprus 1, Malta 1, St Vincent and The Grenadines 2) (2007)

Ports and terminals:
Enns, Krems, Linz, Vienna