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Austria Travel & Holiday Tips
 
 
 
 
 

Vienna

Vienna's history can be traced back to Roman times. Like many cities throughout Europe, it is based on a former Roman military settlement called Vindobona. After the decline of the Roman Empire, the remains of this camp developed in to a town under the reign of the Babenberger dynasty. In 1492 it became the seat and capital of the Habsburger's Holy Roman Empire and began its development in to the city it is today.

Nowadays, Vienna is the capital of the Austrian Republic, the seat of government, home to approximately 1,7 million people and place of work for many Austrians from the surrounding area.

Vienna offers a variety of sightseeing options. The St. Stephan's Cathedral is one of the City's oldest buildings, combining, as a result of its lengthy construction time, a number of different architectural styles. The Ringstrasse, the former encircling border of the city centre was turned into a magnificent boulevard in the 19th century and is definitely worth a walk. A must for tourists is the Schloss Schönbrunn, the former summer seat and residence of the Habsburgs, with its parks, palm house, butterfly house and world renowned Zoo.

Vienna is a melting pot for what used to be a multinational empire during the Habsburg monarchy. The immigration of Hungarians, Czechs and Poles and other ethnic groups has left its influence everywhere, especially on the surnames of many Viennese inhabitants.

Vienna is not only the political, but also the cultural capital of Austria. The city offers a wide variety of theatre, music, art and cinemas and its cultural tradition of high art is well known worldwide. Vienna has been home to many famous musicians, including Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Joseph Haydn, Ludwig van Beethoven and Falco. It is still a very popular place to live for artists from all over the world.

Places of interest in Vienna

Anchor Clock (Ankeruhr)
The Anchor Clock was built between 1911 and 1917 after the plans of the painter Franz von Matsch. It is situated on the oldest square of Vienna 'Hoher Markt' and represents a typical Art Nouveau design.

Belvedere Palace
The two magnificient palaces on the Belvedere grounds lie in the middle of a splendid park. They were constructed for Prince Eugene of Savoy by J.L. von Hildebrandt, a famous Baroque architect.

Burgtheater (National Theatre)
The Burgtheater is situated in the first district. In 1741 Empress Maria Theresia handed an unused dance-house over to the theatre-company Sellier. Since then, this building was used as a theatre.

Danube Tower & Danube Island
If you want to enjoy a magnificent view over Vienna this is the right place to go. The Viennese affectionately call the tower "Concrete needle". It is 352 meters high and was built within 20 months.

Haas House
Haas House is one of the most exciting buildings in Vienna and the city's pride. Images of St. Stephen's Cathedral reflected by the straight glass facade of Haas House are a popular motif.

Hofburg
The Hofburg was orignially a medieval castle, but today only the castle chapel remembers of its medieval past. The Hofburg was extended to a magnificent residence when the Habsburg's power increased.

Karlskirche
Karlskirche is the biggest cathedral in Baroque style north of the Alps. Building commenced in 1715 following plans of famous Austrian Baroque architect Johann Fischer von Erlach.

Naschmarkt
There is quite a number of markets where you can buy fresh vegetable and asorted tidbits. But Naschmarkt is arguably more than that: it is a Viennese institution dating back to the 16th century.

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